Facing Up to Globalization: Social Challenges and Cultural Adjustments in Indonesia


Globalization is a world development that has become an everyday experience in the third millennium. Whether we like it or not, we cannot help but have to deal with its presence and to cope with its dynamics. Serious specialists who do serious research on its workings are divided into those who believe in and are enthusiastic about the promises it seems able to fulfill and those who are skeptical about unprecedented potential risks that arise from unintended and unexpected results of its driving force. At least we can note three main aspects of globalization, which are related to each other, but have nonetheless different nature and give rise to different changes in culture and society. The three aspects are discernible in economy, information and communication and social movement.

With regard to economy, globalization seems to lead to an economic integration of countries in the world, this being possible owing to free flow of goods, services, capital and labor. In so doing globalization enables the improvement of living standard throughout the world by means of giving poor countries access to overseas market, allowing foreign investments to come in, which will in turn make the price of new products cheaper. It will also open the borders between countries, which enables people to travel abroad to get education, job and better earnings.

By : Ignas Kleden
This article is published in Urbania University Journal 1/2013
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